DIY Alcohol Stoves: Types

There are a number of both DIY and commercial alcohol stoves available and naturally, each has its own defining characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. There are 5 types of alcohol stove, though there are variations within each type:

open-stoveOpen Reservoir - An open reservoir is the simplest design and can be made from any small metal tin or container (e.g. tuna can or cat food).
They are easily to ignite and easy to extinguish.

open-ventedOpen Vented
- These stoves are similar to open reservoirs, but have ventilation holes to increase the supply and circulation of oxygen.

siide-burner-stoveSide Burner - These stoves have holes punched into the sides of the container. The flames come from the side of the stove meaning that a cooking container can be placed directly on the burner, without the need for an elevate platform as it won't smother the flame.

Evernew Titanium Alcohol StoveOpen Jet
 - The popular Trangia stove is an open jet alcohol stove as are most soda-can stoves. They have an open reservoir and small holes around the lip of the burner where the flames shoot out from. Rather than burning the liquid fuel itself, these stoves burn the vapours as the fuel evaporates. They do need pot stands and can be slightly less efficient due to the large opening in the centre of the burner.

pressurised-jet-stovePressurised Jet - Identical to an open jet stove, but without the large opening in the centre of the burner. Instead the opening is closed off to allow the stove to build pressure and force the vapours out of the jets. Pressurised jet alcohol stoves will burn hot and cook fast, often with greater fuel efficiency. However these stoves generally need to be preheated and they can be very difficult top construct.

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